This project formed part of an overarching national initiative focusing on maintaining the profitability of stubble-retained systems. It was designed to investigate, demonstrate and extend cultural practices to assist growers adopt no-till stubble retention (NTSR) in medium and high rainfall zones.
The project established four focus farms with large, commercial scale trials at Coreen, Henty, Yarrawonga and Dookie. The trials compared crop growth, frost and disease risk and yield under different stubble management techniques, including burning, mulching or incorporation of stubble as compared to leaving stubble standing. Supporting small scale trials focussed on specific issues such as row spacing and cultivar selection, N timing and disease management. The project built on findings from the previous GRDC funded Riverine Plains Inc project “Improving water use efficiency (WUE) in no-till cropping in spatially and temporally variable conditions in the Riverine Plains”.
This project aimed to increase the adoption of NTSR systems across the Riverine Plains region by increasing profitability and sustainability of NTSR cropping systems. The project also developed guidelines specific to the region, enabling growers and advisors to use rotational cultural control measures to enhance the sustainability of their NTSR farming systems.
This project was extended to include additional temperature and frost research, through links to the GRDC National Frost Initiative.
As an addition to the “Maintaining profitable farming systems with retained stubble in the Riverine Plains” project, the frost research component aimed to understand the impact of stubble retention on in-canopy temperatures and associated risk of frost in cropping environments with high yields and stubble loads. This aim was derived from increased interest from growers and the need for more local knowledge.
The frost research stubble management trials were run at Coreen, Yarrawonga and Dookie. At these sites there were tall stubble, low stubble, incorporated stubble and burnt stubble treatments (with the exception at Corowa where there was no low stubble treatment). The temperature data was gathered by Tinytag sensors at 50mm above the surface and 300mm above the surface (rising to 600mm during the season). At the Dookie site they were also buried at 50mm below the soil surface.
Results from this project have been reported in several editions of Riverine Plains Inc’s research compendium, Research for the Riverine Plains as well as having been presented at conferences or seminars. These reports can be downloaded via the links below:
AARES 2019 Precision N paper (Financial Analysis of Variable-Rate)
2018 edition (2017 trials)
2018 Maintaining profitable farming systems in the Riverine Plains overview
2018 Active Stubble management to enhance residue breakdown and subsequent crop management RPI focus farms Stubble project
2018 Did stubble retention influence in-canopy temperature and frost risk during 2017_
2018 The interaction between stubble height and light interception in canola_LR
2018 Nitrogen response in different electromagnetic zones of the paddock
2018 In-paddock variability – a snapshot and lessons learnt
2018 economic and financial analysis of precision VRA nitrogen
2018 The impact of stubble on soil nitrogen supply to crops
2017 edition (2016 trials)
Maintaining profitable farming systems with retained stubble in the Riverine Plains region — project overview 2017
Active stubble management to enhance residue breakdown and subsequent crop management — focus farm trials 2017
The interaction between plant growth regulator (PGR) and nitrogen application in first wheat – 2017
Interaction between fungicide program and in-crop nitrogen timing for the control of yellow leaf spot (YLS) in mid-May sown wheat – 2017
Monitoring the performance of nitrogen applied to wheat – 2017
Early sowing and the interaction with row spacing and variety in first wheat crops under full stubble retention – 2017
Does stubble retention influence in-canopy temperature and frost risk? 2017
The impact of stubble treatment on soil nitrogen supply to crops (FRRR) – 2017
2016 edition (2015 trials)
Active stubble management to enhance residue breakdown and subsequent crop management — focus farm trials 2016
Does stubble retention influence in-canopy temperature and frost risk? 2016
Early sowing and the interaction with row spacing and variety in first wheat crops under full stubble retention 2016
Interaction between fungicide program and in-crop nitrogen timing for the control of yellow leaf spot (YLS) in early-sown wheat 2016
The interaction between plant growth regulator (PGR) and nitrogen application in early-sown first wheat 2016
Monitoring the performance of nitrogen application to wheat under full stubble retention 2016